Saturday, December 31, 2016

New Year 2012 - Fireworks


New Year countdown is a popular practice in many parts of the world to welcome the coming of a new year. The final seconds into a new year is usually accompanied by the deafening sounds of firework.

Fireworks have become the symbol of new year celebration and hence, Thailand Post has once again used fireworks in its 2012 New Year stamps design. The spectacular fireworks in the stamps are heightened with Glitter Ink printing technique which adds sparkles to the stamps.

Besides, above stamp issue also aims to promote stamp collecting activities, and these colourful fireworks stamps would definitely look good when affixed on New Year greeting cards.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 15 Nov 2011
Postmark : Bangkok
Denomination : 4 x 3 Baht
Stamp Size : 40mm x 30mm
Printing Process : Lithography with Glitter Ink, Multi-colour

A LIL' NOTE

Another note to self - above is a memento from my Phuket trip. It's the glitters on the stamps that attract me to buy this issue.

And what better time to share above stamp issue than now on this last day of 2016, as a way to herald the new year of 2017 :)

Friday, December 30, 2016

Hello Kitty - The Kimono Neko


One of may favourites too - Hello Kitty in Kimono.

Kimono is a Japanese traditional garment. The word "kimono" means a "thing to wear" (ki "wear" and mono "thing").

The size of Hello Kitty in this design is slightly bigger than the rest in the collection - in fact this design has the highest number of pieces of block within the collection.

Hello Kitty looks sweet and adorable when wearing this pink kimono, and I'm lovin' it :p

DETAILS

Description : Hello Kitty in Kimono
Manufacturer : LOZ
Product No. : 9408
Pieces : 240 pcs

A total of 4 designs to complete this Hello Kitty collection :

3.  Hello Kitty in Kimono
As usual, it's just a personal preference to name above design as Hello Kitty - The Kimono Neko, hence the title :p

Monday, December 26, 2016

Hello Kitty - It's Playground Time


Looks like Hello Kitty and Mimyi are having lots of fun playing sea-saw at the playground. Well, this is from the 2nd design from the Hello Kitty diamond block collection.

DETAILS

Description : Hello Kitty & Mimyi in Park
Manufacturer : LOZ
Product No. : 9407
Pieces : 190 pcs

A total of 4 designs to complete this Hello Kitty collection :

2.  Hello Kitty & Mimyi in Park

Again, it's just a personal preference to name above design as Hello Kitty - It's Playground Time, hence the title :p

Sunday, December 25, 2016

Merry Christmas


Faith makes all things possible ❄️
Hope makes all things work ❄️
Love makes all things beautiful ❄️

May your Christmas be filled with love, joy and happiness.

Have a wonderful and blessed Christmas 🎄❄️⛄️

Saturday, December 24, 2016

Christmas 2013

First Day Cover with Stamps
Christmas is a day when Christians commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ. The Catholic Church celebrates the birth of Jesus on 25 Dec every year, which is in fact an ancient tradition. As early as around 366 AD, churches in Rome already celebrated Jesus' birth on this date.

As for the reason why 25 Dec was chosen, there are different views regarding this. The relatively acceptable reason among all is that the churches wished to replace a very important foreign religion festival Natalis Solis Invicti, which was celebrated on this day, by Jesus' Christmas Day, as Jesus Christ is the actual sun that shines all living creatures.

First Day Cover with Miniature Sheet
On Christmas Eve, both Catholics and Christians hold Midnight Masses and worship services, as well as Christmas Caroling. In Macau, at Largo do Senado, Ruins of St. Paul and the North District of Macau, church organisations hold Christmas Carol events every year with hymn singing, drama performance and preaching in order to proclaim the good news of the redemption of humanity by Jesus.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 21 Oct 2013
Postmark : Macau
Denomination : 3.50 Pataca, 5.00 Pataca and 12.00 Pataca
Stamp Size : 40mm x 30mm
Paper : Paper with Security Fibres
Printing Process : Offset lithography

A LIL' NOTE

A note to self - one of the mementos during my Macau trip back in 2014 :)

Friday, December 23, 2016

50 Years of Christmas Stamps


Australia Post celebrated 50 years of Christmas stamp issues in 2007. Australia Post has selected five classic Australian Christmas stamp designs to celebrate this 50th anniversary of annual stamp issue.

Each of these stamps expresses the artistic style, social mood and cultural values of its time.

Christmas 1957 - 2nd row stamp

The first Australian Christmas stamp used a figure of a small child kneeling from the 1776 painting The Infant Samuel by English artist Sir Joshua Reynolds. At the time of issue, it was felt that the biblical Christmas story was best represented by an European image, hence this image was selected.

Christmas 1977 - 1st row 3rd stamp

The "Surfing Santa" stamp design was thought to be inappropriate as the general Christmas stamp, although religious opinion had not found the image unacceptable. The majority of Australian liked the stamp, its design relevant to a time in which Australians felt confident and at ease with their identity.

Christmas 1984 - 1st row 4th stamp

The Madonna and Child stamp was depicted in the 1984 stamp design, using detail from a stained glass window made in 1938 for St Bartholomew's Church of England, Norwood, South Australia.

Christmas 1990 - 1st row 1st stamp

A shift of the Nativity from its traditional scene to the Australian bushland is seen in the 1990 stamp. It depicts baby Jesus being surrounded by the native koala and kangaroo. This stamp is issued at the height of the bicentennial decade during which Australian historic subjects, flora, fauna and nostalgic Australians were at the forefront of visual culture.

Christmas 1996 - 1st row 2nd stamp

The theme of Virgin Mary and Child had been a strong ones during the 1990s. After a period of economic recession in the late 1980s and the boom in information technology in the 1990s, a sense of unease and anticipation marked the period moving towards the new millennium.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 1 Nov 2007
Postmark : Smithton (Christmas Hills) TAS 7330
Denomination : 3 x 45c, 50c and AU$1.10
Stamp Size : 26mm x 37.5mm and 37.5mm x 26mm (AU$1.10 stamp)
Paper : Tullis Russell
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Countries such as Austria and Cuba had issued stamps with Christmas themes before 1957, but Australia was the first country in the world to issue Christmas stamps each year.

Sunday, December 18, 2016

Christmas 2006


As is customary with Australia Post Christmas stamp issues, the Christmas stamps issue in 2006 engages with aspects of the traditional Christmas story, depicting scenes from the story surrounding Christ's birth.

The 45c stamp depicts the Virgin Mary with baby Jesus in her arms.

The 50c stamp depicts one of the three Magi bearing a gift of frankincense for the Christ child.

The AU$1.05 stamp depicts a young shepherd boy bathed in the light of the Angel of Annunciation.

Each stamp conveys a sense of reverence and the spirit of this foundational Christian story.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 1 Nov 2006
Postmark : St Marys NSW 2760
Denomination : 45c, 50c and AU$1.05
Stamp Size : 26mm x 37.5mm
Paper : Tullis Russell / B100
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Melbourne-based artist Anne Spudvilas has skilfully worked her canvas to represent above three aspects of the traditional Christmas story. Anne is a portrait painter and works predominantly in oils, a medium that gives richness to the colour of the canvas and texture to its surface.

Saturday, December 17, 2016

Christmas Island Christmas 2005


Christmas Island Christmas stamps are issued every alternate year and have included Santa Claus in a variety of island settings.

The 45c stamp shows Santa admiring a Christmas Island Palm on the island, decorated with Abbott's Booby and a Red Crab.

The 90c stamp shows Santa approaching Christmas Island, where Santa's sled is being pulled towards Christmas Island by crabs rather than reindeer.

Christmas Island stamps are valid for use within Australia and can also be used as an alternative Christmas stamp.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 1 Nov 2005
Postmark : Christmas Island 6798
Denomination : 45c and 90c
Stamp Size : 30.5mm x 30mm
Paper : Tullis Russell
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Red crabs are the dominant wildlife in Christmas Island, with an estimated 120 million on the island, and are being featured in both stamps above.

Friday, December 16, 2016

Christmas 2005


The 2005 Christmas stamps issued by Australia Post show the Madonna and Child in the 45c stamp and an Adoring Angel in the AU$1.00 stamp.

The original art works of these stamps have been painted according to age-old techniques of medieval icon painting. The exquisite images are painted on wooden panels in traditional egg tempera paint, with the background richly embellished with 23 carat gold leaf, originally designed to catch the flickering light of church candles.

Like precious icons, each stamp glitters like a rare jewel. These beautiful stamps celebrate Christmas with serene joy and peace.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 1 Nov 2005
Postmark : St Marys NSW 2760
Denomination : 45c and AU$1.00
Stamp Size : 37.5mm x 26mm (45c stamp) and 26mm x 37.5mm (AU$1.00 stamp)
Paper : Tullis Russell
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

The artist of the original art works, Ursula Betsa, is an artist specialising in icon painting with a PhD in medieval art history.

Thursday, December 15, 2016

10 Days to Christmas


10 days to Christmas - tick tock tick tock, it's about time to start counting down to Christmas.

While the rest are busy preparing for Christmas celebration, guess I would be "busy" sharing the remaining Christmas stamps in my collection here, a continuation from those stamps I shared back in 2013.

Well, stay tuned then :)

P/S : To view my collection on Christmas stamps, click here.

Tuesday, December 13, 2016

Installation of HM Yang di-Pertuan Agong XIII


On 12 Dec 2001, at the 208th (special) Meeting of the Conference of Rulers in Malaysia, Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin, the Sultan of Terengganu, was elected the 13th Yang di-Pertuan Agong for a term of 5 years from 13 Dec 2006 to 12 Dec 2011.

His Majesty was formally installed as Yang di-Pertuan Agong on 26 Apr 2007, with the title Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin.

Elected at age 44, as of now, Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin is the third youngest Yang di-Pertuan Agong, after Tuanku Syed Putra of Perlis (3rd Yang di-Pertuan Agong) and Tuanku Abdul Halim of Kedah (5th Yang di-Pertuan Agong), who were elected at age 40 and 43 respectively.

His Majesty was appointed as the Crown Prince of Terengganu on 6 Nov 1979, and much later as the Acting Sultan of Terengganu on 20 Jun 1986 and for the second time from 21 Oct to 8 Nov 1990.

His Majesty was appointed the Sultan of Terengganu on 15 May 1998 following the death of his father, the late Sultan Mahmud, and was crowned as the 17th Sultan of Terengganu on 4 Mar 1999.

Pos Malaysia issued above set of 3 stamps to commemorate the installation of His Majesty as the 13th Yang di-Pertuan Agong on 26 Apr 2007.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 26 Apr 2007
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 30 sen, 50 sen and RM1
Stamp Size : 30mm x 40mm
Paper : SPM Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Today, 13 Dec 2016, is the day when Sultan Muhammad V of Kelantan begins his term as the 15th Yang di-Pertuan Agong for a term of 5 years.

Have decided to share prior stamp issues by Pos Malaysia on the installation of past Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia in conjunction with this special day.

To find out more on the stamp issued to commemorate the installation of the 12th Yang di-Pertuan Agong in 2002, click here.

Monday, December 12, 2016

Installation of HM Yang di-Pertuan Agong XII


On 12 Dec 2001, at the 191st (special) Meeting of the Conference of Rulers in Malaysia, Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin, the Raja of Perlis, was elected the 12th Yang di-Pertuan Agong for a term of 5 years from 13 Dec 2001 to 12 Dec 2006.

His Majesty was installed the Supreme Head of Nation on 25 Apr 2002, with the title of Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin.

His Majesty was installed as the Crown Prince of Perlis on 30 Oct 1960 while he was still schooling, and installed the 6th Ruler of Perlis on 17 Apr 2000.

Pos Malaysia issued above set of 3 stamps to commemorate the installation of His Majesty as the 12th Yang di-Pertuan Agong on 25 Apr 2002.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 25 Apr 2002
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 30 sen, 50 sen and RM1
Stamp Size : 30mm x 40mm
Paper : SPM Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

At the 243rd (special) Meeting of the Conference of Rulers in Malaysia, Sultan Muhammad V, the Sultan of Kelantan, was elected the 15th Yang di-Pertuan Agong for a term of 5 years beginning 13 Dec 2016.

Counting down to 13 Dec 2016, have decided to share today and tomorrow prior stamp issues by Pos Malaysia to commemorate the installation of past Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.

Sunday, December 11, 2016

Coronation of HRH Sultan of Selangor IX

(Cover Design 1)

His Royal Highness Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah was proclaimed as the ninth Sultan of Selangor on 22 Nov 2001 after the demise of his father, the late Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah. His Royal Highness was proclaimed and gazetted as the Crown Prince of Selangor at the age of 15.

His Royal Highness was born on 24 Dec 1945 at Istana Jema'ah Klang Selangor, and is the eldest son of the late DYMM Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah.

His Royal Highness received his early education at the Malay Primary School and St John's Institution Primary School. His Royal Highness then continued his secondary education at Hale School in Perth, Australia before proceeding to England to further his education at the Langhurst College in Surrey.

His Royal Highness returned from England in 1968 and held several posts in the Selangor State and Federal Government Administration Services. His Royal Highness was attached to the Selangor State Secretariat, the District Office and the Royal Malaysian Police Department in Kuala Lumpur.

His Royal Highness was also actively involved in sports. His Royal Highness was appointed the Chairman of the Semi-Pro Football Association and made as an Honorary Life President of the Football Association of Selangor.

His Royal Highness is also active in adventurous sports. The most prestige Vintage Car Race that His Royal Highness has participated and achieved was the Peking to Paris Challenge in 1997, a race covering 16,000 km distance through 15 countries, whereby His Royal Highness received the Silver Medal under the Vintage Car Class.

In the academic field, His Royal Highness was appointed the Pro-Chancellor of Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) and was also appointed as the Chancellor of Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM).

In conjunction with the coronation of His Royal Highness as the ninth Sultan of Selangor, Pos Malaysia issued a set of 3 stamps to commemorate this event. Two designs of cover are available for this issue - one cover design as shown above, the other design shown herewith.

(Cover Design 2)

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 8 Mar 2003
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 30 sen, 50 sen and RM1
Stamp Size : 30mm x 40mm
Paper : SPM Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Today, 11 Dec 2016, is Sultan of Selangor's Birthday, hence have decided to share above stamp issue on this day.

The Sultans Birthdays are decided by the respective states. So whenever the actual Sultans are changed, the birthdays do not. Which is why Sultan of Selangor's Birthday is on 11 Dec "officially" every year despite His Royal Highness Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah actual birthday is on 24 Dec.

Saturday, December 10, 2016

Marine Creatures (Thailand)


Thailand Post, together with Pos Malaysia, jointly issued a set of four stamps featuring marine creatures, in conjunction with World Ocean Day in 2015.

This joint issue aims to create awareness on the importance of conserving marine life and resources as well as promote stamp collecting activities and fostering a good cooperation between both postal operators.

The stamps feature the following marine creatures, out of which the Harlequin Shrimp and Coral Guard Crab are Thai designed :

1.   Harlequin Shrimp
2.   Coral Guard Crab
3.   Nudibranch
4.   White Spotted Jellyfish

Harlequin Shrimp, also known as clown shrimp, is a species of saltwater shrimp found at coral reefs in the tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans. In Thailand, this species is widely available at Similan Island in Pang-Nga province. These shrimps feed on sea stars that pass near their hideouts. They feed on all species of sea stars but its favourite genus is Linckia. It may take up to 1 to 2 weeks to eat a single sea star.

Coral Guard Crab can be found living among branching corals. In Thailand, it is found in Surin Island in Pang-Nga province. Despite very small in size, they are very protective of their corals and tenaciously fight off starfishes that try to eat the corals, hence earning the name "coral guard crab". They live in pairs but several can be found on large coral, alongside other fauna. This crab species feed on coral mucus and the organic substances deposited on it.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 8 Jun 2015
Postmark : Bangkok
Denomination : 4 x 3 Baht
Stamp Size : 30mm x 40mm
Printing Process : Lithography, Multi-colour

A LIL' NOTE

This is the first time Thailand and Malaysia postal administrations jointly issued stamps to strengthen a good collaboration and cooperation between both administrations.

To view and find out more on the equivalent stamps issued by Pos Malaysia, click here.

Friday, December 9, 2016

Marine Creatures (Malaysia)


Pos Malaysia, together with Thailand Post, jointly issued a set of four stamps featuring marine creatures, in conjunction with World Ocean Day in 2015.

This stamp issue also aims to create awareness on the importance of conserving marine life and resources as they are rapidly declining around the world.

The stamps feature the following marine creatures, out of which the Nudibranch and White Spotted Jellyfish are Malaysian-designed :

1.   Harlequin Shrimp
2.   Coral Guard Crab
3.   White Spotted Jellyfish
4.   Nudibranch

White Spotted Jellyfish is also known as the Floating Bell or Australian Spotted Jellyfish. It is native to the warm, tropical waters of the western Pacific Ocean, from Oceania through East Asia. This jellyfish is easily recognised by its bell-shaped body and colouration which is usually brown with white spots. The sting of this species is mild and is not considered a threat to humans.

Nudibranch are basically sea slugs with no external or internal shells. Often referred to as "jewels of the sea", nudibranchs are amongst the showiest and most amazing creatures of the sea. There are more than 3,000 species - Hypselodoris bullockii is being featured in this stamp issue. This species has a dark blue to purplish blue colour with a mantle of broad, white edge.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 8 Jun 2015
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 2 x 60 sen and 2 x RM1.20
Stamp Size : 30mm x 40mm
Paper : Tullis Russell High Reading Yellow / Green Phosphor Gummed
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Being a joint issue, the remaining 2 stamps on Harlequin Shrimp and Coral Guard Crab are Thai-designed.

To view and find out more on the equivalent stamps issued by Thailand Post, click here.

Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Rare Fruits of Malaysia - Series IV


Rare fruits are fruits that are difficult to find and rarely grown commercially. Originally, rare fruits are mostly found in the wild forests.

Today, rare fruits are almost forgotten and efforts to raise awareness on the value and importance of these fruits is important. Pos Malaysia's effort in issuing stamps on rare fruits (above stamp issue being the 4th series) does serve as an effort to raise awareness on rare fruits.

The following are being featured in this 4th series :

Passion fruit (Markisa) - This fruit is yellow or purple in colour, tastes a bit sour and sweet, and can be eaten or made into juices. Its pulp may be used as gelatin, flavourings or mixture to yogurt and ice cream.

Custard apple (Buah Nona) - This fruit is usually round or oblong in shape, and gnarled. The skin of this fruit is unique and its flesh has a lot of seeds, has a yellowish look and tastes similar to custard, which may be eaten raw.

Nam-nam fruit (Buah nam-nam) - This fruit has a sour taste when young, and changes into sour sweet when ripe. People do believe that eating this fruit and shoot can heal high blood pressure and diabetes.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 28 Oct 2013
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 60 sen, 80 sen and RM1.20
Stamp Size : 30mm x 50mm
Paper : SPM Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Click the following links for prior stamp issues on rare fruits by Pos Malaysia :

Series II
Series III

Saturday, December 3, 2016

Rare Fruits of Malaysia - Series III


Malaysia possesses a rich diversity of tropical fruits, with many fruit species grouped under rare fruits. The production of rare fruits is rather limited due to low number of trees available for each species. These rare fruits are usually grown in home gardens or orchards.

In continuation to previous issue on rare fruits, Pos Malaysia issued another set of stamps on rare fruits in 2006, this time featuring the following species :

Terap bulu - Featured in the 30 sen stamp, this fruit is famous in Sarawak and it resembles that of nangka or cempedak. The fruit is large, oval-shaped, and is slightly orange in colour with a strong smell. The flesh, consisting of many small segments is white, soft, sweet, juicy and fragrant. The seeds can be eaten by frying without oil or boiled.

Cermai - Featured in the 50 sen stamp, this fruit is small, and when ripe, the fruit is yellow, translucent and shiny. The surface of the fruit has 6 to 8 lobes. The flesh is usually sour with stony seed. Besides eating fresh, the fruit can be pickled, made into dried candy and used in rojak mixture.

Beruas - Featured in the RM1 stamp, the Beruas tree resembles that of mangosteen tree. The fruit is 4 to 5 cm in width and round-shaped with pointed tips attached to the stigma. The thin flesh of the fruit consists of 8 to 10 segments and is sour in taste.

Ceri Terengganu and Jentik-Jentik are being featured in the miniature sheet.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 28 Mar 2006
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 30 sen, 50 sen and RM1.00
Stamp Size : 29mm x 34mm
Paper : SPM Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Click on the following links to find out more on prior and subsequent series on rare fruits stamp issue by Pos Malaysia :

Series II
Series IV

Friday, December 2, 2016

Rare Fruits of Malaysia - Series II


Among the popular rare fruits of Malaysia include jambu bol, cerapu, binjai and salak; of which are being featured in this 2nd series on rare fruits stamp issue by Pos Malaysia.

These fruits are usually eaten fresh, however, salak can be processed and preserved or pickled. These are seasonal fruits.

Jambu bol is native to Malaysia, and distributed widely, almost in all states. The fruits are oblong or oval in shape. The skin is thin, either white or white tinged with red or dark red, depending on the varieties. The flesh is juicy and aromatic, and is usually eaten fresh or made into local fruit salads known as rojak.

Cerapu is a sweet-sour juicy fruit and is normally eaten fresh. It can be found in Perak, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang and Terengganu. The unripe fruit, which is sour, is used as a substitute for tamarind in fish curries. The fruit is almost globose but slightly flattened at the top and bottom. Ripe fruits are bright orange with green petals. The skin is thin and can be easily peeled off.

Binjai is also native to Malaysia. The binjai fruit is a big drupe, obovate-oblong or pear-shaped, narrower at the base. The skin is yellowish or pale brown with brown spots. There are many varieties, and they differ in shape, size, skin colour, as well as taste ranging from sweet, sweet-sour to sour.

Salak is a palm, with fruits that are juicy, sweet but slightly astringent. It is cultivated mostly in Terengganu. The fruit is globose or ellipsoid, pointed at the base. It is either pale reddish or dark brown in colour. It has rough skin, with overlapping, closely arranged scales. It's either eaten fresh, or can be preserved or pickled.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 27 Feb 1999
Postmark : Kajang
Denomination : 20 sen, 30 sen, 50 sen and RM1.00
Stamp Size : 35mm x 45mm
Paper : SPM Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

The first series on rare fruits of Malaysia stamps were issued on 10 Jan 1998, featuring kundong, sentul, pulasan and asam gelugor. I do not have this series in my collection (unfortunately).

 (Image from www.pos.com.my)

Wednesday, November 30, 2016

Historical Place - Clock Towers


The existence of clock towers in every town in Malaysia portrays the recorded historical life of society, each tower having its own unique architecture and attractive design.

The following clock towers in Malaysia are being featured in this stamp issue.

Christ Church Clock Tower, Melaka - This clock tower is built in 1650 during the Dutch Settlement and is a fine example of Dutch architecture. A popular tourist spot for photography.

Jubilee Clock Tower, Pulau Pinang - This clock tower is a gift from local millionaire, Cheah Chen Eok, in 1897 to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria. 60 feet in height; one foot for each year of Queen Victoria's reign.

Sungai Petani Clock Tower, Kedah - This clock tower was built in 1963 and was donated by Lim Lean Teng to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of King George V and Queen Mary in London. However, it was later established as a memorial to King George V as he passed away before the completion of the tower.

Teluk Intan Clock Tower, Perak - The pagoda-style clock tower by built in 1885 by Leong Choon Chong, and was originally used as a covered water tank. This tower appears like an 8-storey building but is actually divided into 3 storeys only.

Council Negeri Monument, Sarawak - Originally a memorial stone erected in 1967, it was further enhanced with a clock tower and fountain in 1897. This clock tower is to commemorate the centenary of Malaysia's first and oldest State Legislative Assembly Meeting in 1867.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 24 May 2003
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 5 x 30 sen
Stamp Size : 30mm x 40mm
Paper : SPM Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

The Teluk Intan Clock Tower is slanted leftward, similar to the world-famous Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy, hence earning the name Leaning Tower of Teluk Intan, the Malaysian equivalent of Leaning Tower of Pisa.

The reasons the tower leans are due the soft ground on which it was built, as well as the weight of the water in the water tank, which causes it to lean towards the southwest.

Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Ornamental Fish - Fighting Fish


Betta splendens, as featured in this stamp issue, is a kind of fighting fish produced through cross-breeding of fighting fish from Malaysia, Thailand and Cambodia.

This species of fighting fish is bred using the standard Betta breeding techniques. The new strains originated from unattractive, greenish and short-finned fish, whereby hybridisations of different strains are commonly carried out to produce attractive new hybrids.

Betta splendens are usually peaceful with other fish of its own size, however the males are aggressive with one another. Hence, to prevent fighting, they are usually kept solitary in transparent small containers.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 26 Apr 2003
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 30 sen, 50 sen and 2 x RM1.00
Stamp Size : 40mm x 30mm
Paper : SPM Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Bettas are carnivores and need food high in protein. They should be fed every day or nearly every day, however, do not overfeed or underfeed them.

A good rule of thumb in terms of amount to feed - a betta’s stomach is about as big as his eyeball and should not be fed more than that amount at a time.

Monday, November 28, 2016

100 Years Birth of the Late Tunku Abdul Rahman


Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj was born at the Istana Tiga Tingkat in Alor Setar, Kedah on 8 Feb 1903. He was the 7th child of Sultan Abdul Hamid, the 25th ruler of the Kedah Sultanate.

Tunku left for England at the age of 17 on a Kedah Government Scholarship to continue his studies, whereby he returned to Kedah in 1926 with a bachelor's degree in law and history from the Cambridge University.

Four months later, Tunku was sent to continue his law studies at the Inner Temple. In view of the increasing number of Malay students, he got together with the others and formed The Malay Association of Great Britain and was elected secretary of the association. Due to lack of concentration, after 5 years he failed in his studies and returned to Malaya.

Tunku chose to join the Civil Service as a cadet in the Legal Advisor Office in Alor Setar and then as Assistant District Officer and District Officer in several areas in Kedah.

Tunku was determined to finish his studies, hence in 1947, he went back to England and this time he successfully completed his studies at the Inns of Court.

As a leader, among historic events guided by Tunku include the political alliance of UMNO and MCA in 1952 and MIC in 1955. Tunku also declared an amnesty for communist terrorists who surrendered.

Efforts in freeing the country from being ruled further by the British were finally accomplished, with Malaya achieving its independence on the historic day of 31 Aug 1957.

Tunku relinquished his position as the first Prime Minister of Malaysia in 1970 to his deputy, Tun Abdul Razak after the racial riot outbreak on 13 May 1969.

The late Tunku Abdul Rahman passed away in 1990 at the age of 87 years old.

2003 marked the 100 years of the birth of this important figure in the history of Malaysia. In conjunction with this, Pos Malaysia issued a set of 4 sets to commemorate this event.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 3 Mar 2003
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 30 sen, 50 sen and 2 x RM1.00
Stamp Size : 30mm x 40mm
Paper : SPM Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Memorial Tunku Abdul Rahman, located in Alor Setar, is a museum commemorating the life and contribution of Tunku Abdul Rahman. It occupies a colonial-era bungalow, originally the residence of the bank manager of Standard Chartered Bank.

The building was subsequently taken over by the Kedah State Government, which then passed it to the State Museum Department.

It is open to the public; free admission.

Address : Memorial Tunku Abdul Rahman, No. 1 Jalan Menteri, 05350 Alor Setar, Kedah Darul Aman, Malaysia.

Phone : +604-730 3771

Saturday, November 26, 2016

Roses in Malaysia


Having an Equatorial climate enables Malaysia to enjoy the ideal weather for the cultivation of various plants and trees. One of the plants that flourish in Malaysia is the rose tree.

Roses come in a variety of sizes and colours. Generally, roses need extra care in its cultivation. From its soil, fertiliser and insect repellent, all these information are vital in order to produce a beautiful and healthy blossom.

Rosa hybrida is featured in the first 3 stamps above. Among popular breeds of Rosa hybrida is the Hybrid Tea, which are either budded or grafted, i.e. not growing off their own rootstock.

Floribunda is featured in the 4th stamp above. This species is produced by crossing Polyantha roses with Hybrid Teas. Floribunda is suitable to be grown either on flowerbeds or in pots. The Floribunda featured in this stamp issue is a rare species. Stripes, which appear on its petals, make it more unique.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 22 Feb 2003
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 2 x 30 sen and 2 x 50 sen
Stamp Size : 35mm x 35mm
Paper : Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Fragrant Ink

A LIL' NOTE

Roses are frequently sought after as a symbol of remembrance during special occasions. Roses have inspired people over the ages to develop a language of roses by ascribing meanings to colours, variety and number of roses gifted.

o  Red roses - Convey deep emotions; an expression of love
o  White roses - Convey sympathy and humility
o  Yellow roses - Symbol of friendship and caring; an expression of exuberance
o  Pink roses - Convey gentle emotions such as admiration, joy and gratitude
o  Orange roses - Convey a sense of fascination
o  Lavender roses - Expresses "love at first sight"

Friday, November 25, 2016

XIII Conference of Heads of State or Government of NAM


The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was established in 1961 with the objective to create an independent path in world of politics that would not result in member States becoming pawns in the struggles between the major powers.

NAM was formed during the Cold War, at the collective initiative of President Josip Eroz Tito of the then Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru of India, and President Ahmad Soekarno of Indonesia, as an organisation of States that did not seek to formally align themselves with either the United States or Soviet Union, but sought to remain independent or neutral.

Malaysia was officially brought into the fold of the Movement as a member country with its participation in the Informal Meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of NAM in 1969.

The Conference of HOS/Gs, or NAM Summit, is held every three years. It is the highest decision making authority of the Movement. Malaysia attended its first ever Summit as a member country in 1970.

Malaysia hosted the XIII NAM Summit from 20 to 25 Feb 2003 in Kuala Lumpur. In conjunction with this event, Pos Malaysia issued a set of 4 stamps to commemorate this event.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 6 Feb 2003
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 2 x 30 sen and 2 x 50 sen
Stamp Size : 40mm x 30mm
Paper : SPM Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Besides above stamp issue by Pos Malaysia, a limited number of commemorative vanity plates with prefixes XIII NAM are made available by the Malaysian Road Transport Department.

Vanity plates are vehicle registration number plate with distinctive prefixes made available by Malaysian Road Transport Department at a higher cost.

Thursday, November 24, 2016

Southern Serow


Serows have relatively short bodies and long legs. The upper parts of their bodies are usually black or dark grey, sometimes with reddish tinges. Their under parts are paler, with long shaggy mane of hair runs along their backs.

The serows territory spans from India to Southern China. This includes most of the mainland in Southeast Asia and Sumatra. They mainly inhabits steep forested cliffs, including limestone mountains. They can also be found in lowlands and on off-shore limestone islands.

Serows are herbivore, and they will come out to feed in more open areas during early morning and late evening.

Mainly solitary, serows come together only to mate. One or usually two young are born after a gestation period of 7 to 8 months. The young may stay with the mother for up to a year.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 25 Jan 2003
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 30 sen and 2 x 50 sen
Stamp Size : 30mm x 40mm
Paper : Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Southern Serow, Capricornis sumatraensis, is also known as Sumatran Serow. This species is listed as vulnerable by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), due to over-hunting and habitat loss. It is hence protected under the Protection of Wildlife Act.

Wednesday, November 23, 2016

Wong Kei Tau Foo Fa 旺记祖传豆腐花, Bercham

A random post on tau foo fa, one of my favourite desserts.

Tau foo fa (豆腐花), also known as soy bean pudding, is a delicious silken tofu dessert eaten with a clear syrup infused with ginger or pandan.


There are many stalls or outlets selling tau foo fa out there; one of the best I have tried thus far is from this roadside stall in Bercham (Chinese : 巴占), a suburb of Ipoh next to the North-South Expressway in Perak, Malaysia.

The tau foo fa from this stall is of really silky smooth texture, with a choice of syrup in ginger, white sugar or brown sugar. Not too touristy, it's where the locals go for tau foo fa. It costs less than RM2 for a bowl. Take away is slightly more expensive, but the portion is also bigger for take away.

Definitely a heaven to the taste bud. Brought friends as well as colleagues to this stall before; verdict - they love it.

旺记祖传豆腐花
Roadside stall situated next to 7 Eleven
Persiaran Bercham Selatan 1
Bercham
31400 Ipoh
Perak Darul Ridzuan

Opening hours : Daily 12:00pm until sold out

Monday, November 21, 2016

The Grand Piano

Of the few micro blocks which I have assembled thus far, this is one of my favourites - the Grand Piano.

And perhaps now I own one of the smallest grand piano in the world?


DETAILS

Description : Grand Piano
Manufacturer : LOZ
Product No. : 9305
Pieces : 110 pcs

Best of all, got it at a bargain at RM10 only :)

Sunday, November 20, 2016

80 Years of Sultan Idris University of Education (UPSI)


Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI), the Sultan Idris University of Education, was founded on 29 Nov 1922. This institution was popularly known as a teachers' training college specifically for the Malays and was regarded as a Malay university back then.

Some milestones of this institution ...

1922 : Founded as Sultan Idris Training College (SITC)
1957 : Renamed Maktab Perguruan Sultan Idris (MPSI)
1975 : Received its first batch of 150 female students
1987 : Upgraded to institute; renamed Institusi Perguruan Sultan Idris (IPSI)
1997 : Changed to university; renamed Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI)

UPSI celebrated its 80 years anniversary in 2002, and Pos Malaysia issued a set of 3 stamps to commemorate this anniversary.

The 30 sen stamp features the Suluh Budiman Building, currently used as the administrative office for the Department of Student Welfare & Development, besides a Royal and VIP holding room for state dignitaries.

The first of the 50 sen stamp features the Chancellery Building, a 4-storey building accommodating the administrative office of the University's executive board and also the office of the main administrative and academic department.

The second of the 50 sen stamp features the Tadahan Selatan Building, previously the student hostels. Now, it is fully used as lecture and lecturers room to cope with the increasing number of students.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 29 Nov 2002
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 30 sen and 2 x 50 sen
Stamp Size : 40mm x 30mm
Paper : Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Some notable alumni of UPSI includes :

2.   Dr. Awang Had Salleh (First Vice-Chancellor of University Utara Malaysia)
3.   Tun Ghaffar Baba (Former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia)

Saturday, November 19, 2016

Kebaya Nyonya


When the Nyonyas, the women of the early Peranakan community, first donned the baju panjang, the long Arab-inspired top made of woven cotton, little did they know that this garment would become the Malaysian fashion icon.

Once traditional, plain and straight in cut, facilitated by the availability of new fabrics, the baju panjang gradually evolved into more comfortable garment as compared to its highly starched predecessor. With the hot climate and their exposure to European blouses and lace, the practical Nyonyas shortened the dress top to hip length and enhanced its beauty with lace trimming along the fringes of the tunic.

Heavily embroidered kebayas are usually worn during festive gatherings while simple scallop-edged ones are for daily activities. White, blue and green ones are reserved for mourning or to attend wakes.

This lovely piece of art is traditionally worn with matching batek sarong and beaded slippers, and is fastened with a set of chained kerongsang (also known as kerosang), a costume jewelry that functions like a brooch.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 2 Nov 2002
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 2 x 30 sen and 2 x 50 sen
Stamp Size : 28.5mm x 42.6mm
Paper : SPM Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

A book entitled The Nyonya Kebaya was published in 2004 recording the lovely kebayas collection of the late YAB Tun Endon Mahmood, late wife of the 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia YAB Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.

More details on this book can be found here.


(Image from www.bookdepository.com)

Friday, November 18, 2016

Pendeta Za'ba


Za'ba or Zainal Abidin bin Ahmad, born in 1895, is a language figure as well as the pioneer of Malay language grammatical rules in Malaysia.

Born into a religious family, not surprisingly, Za'ba had completed his reading of the Quran seven times by the age of 7. He was the first Malay student from Negeri Sembilan who completed standard one to Senior Cambridge in 6 years.

Za'ba started writing seriously while he was serving as a temporary teacher at Johor Bahru in 1916. His gift was his ability to bring all aspects from language, literature, religion, economy, education and politics into his writings.

Za'ba focused his effort to adopt the Arabic and English grammar into Bahasa Melayu while he was working at the Sultan Idris Training College. He used these grammatical rules in the publishing of school text books and public reading materials.

Za'ba received the title Pendeta (Scholar) officially, in the form of songkok (a Malay cap), in 1956 at the Third Malay Language and Literature Congress in Johor Bahru. In 1962, he was awarded the award of Pingat Mangku Negara that carries the title Tan Sri.

Za'ba passed away in 1973 at the age of 78. It is not easy to follow the footsteps of a scholar but it is hoped that Zaba's effort and sacrifice to upgrade the Malay Language would be continued.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 17 Sep 2002
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 30 sen and 2 x 50sen
Stamp Size : 40mm x 30mm
Paper : SPM Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

The House of Pendeta Za'ba, also known as Teratak Za'ba in local tongue, is a historic residence that records the life and times of Za'ba. Situated about 50km from Seremban, this museum is one of the places of interest in Negeri Sembilan.

Address : Teratak Za'ba, Kampong Bukit Kerdas, Daerah Jempol, 72200 Batu Kikir, Negeri Sembilan Darul Khusus, Malaysia.

Thursday, November 17, 2016

Malaysian Unity


Pos Malaysia issued a set of 3 stamps on Malaysian Unity as part of National Day celebration in 2002, with the 50 sen stamp depicting the various races and indigenous people of Malaysia; while the se-tenant 30 sen stamps depicting the multi-cultural aspect of Malaysia.

The ethnic of Malays, Chinese, Indians and the numerous indigenous people of Malaysia form a fascinating potpourri of a multi-cultural and multi-racial population. As such, Malaysian Unity is of paramount importance.

Although each race maintains its individuality in terms of traditions and community structures, the overall cultural mosaic is well integrated to create a contemporary Malaysia, rich in its diverse heritage.

One of the most interesting form of cultural and racial interaction is the practise of "open house" during festive celebrations, effectively breaking down cultural and racial barriers, thus cultivating greater understanding amongst all races.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 24 Aug 2002
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 2 x 30 sen and 50 sen
Stamp Size (30 sen stamp) : 40mm x 30mm
Special Stamp Size (50 sen stamp) : 80mm x 30mm
Paper : Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

It was 11 years later that a National Day related stamps were issued by Pos Malaysia to celebrate National Day of Malaysia.

The last stamp issue prior to 2002 on National Day celebration was in 1999 on Past Prime Ministers of Malaysia.

Tuesday, November 15, 2016

Aquatic Plants of Malaysia


In Malaysia, most of the aquatic flowering plants are found in ponds, ditches, lakes, dams, rivers, irrigation canals and wet paddy fields.

Although some are considered weeds, these plants do have their own beneficial values. More than 15 species of these plants are edible and some are harvested and used as animal fodder. Some have medicinal value, while certain species are used as ornaments and a source of oxygen in fish tanks.

This stamp issue by Pos Malaysia features four species of aquatic plants found in Malaysia :

1.   Water trumpet  (Keladi Paya)
2.   Water lily  (Kiambang Malaysia)
3.   Water mimosa  (Kangkong Puteri)
4.   Arrow-leaf pondweed  (Keladi Agas)

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 11 May 2002
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 30 sen, 50 sen and 2 x RM1
Stamp Size : 40mm x 30mm
Paper : Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

The flower of water lily is said to have a soothing and tranquilizing impact on the nervous system which makes the flower valuable for treating conditions such as nervous anxiety, insomnia as well as other problems involving agitation of the nerves.

Monday, November 14, 2016

17th World Orchid Conference


The 17th World Orchid Conference, held from 24 Apr to 2 May 2002, provides an avenue for established experts, scientists and well-known orchid growers to share their knowledge and expertise in the science of orchids.

In conjunction with this event, Pos Malaysia issued a series of stamps on orchids. The following species are being featured in this stamp issue :

Paraphalaenopsis labukensis - Also known as rat-tailed orchid, it is one of the four species found in Mount Kinabalu. This species is best grown in hanging baskets or mounted, and usually requires full sunlight and intermediate to warm temperatures.

Renanthera bella - Commonly known as the Beautiful Renanthera, this species is found growing on tree trunks in Sabah. It is best grown hanged in baskets or mounted, and requires full sunlight and warm temperatures. If hung, the roots must be watered frequently.

Paphiopedilum sanderianum - Commonly known as Sander's Paphiopedilum, this species is found growing on limestone rock in shade with roots in mossy cracks and on trees with roots and moss detritus. This orchid should be grown in areas with moderate light and intermediate to warm temperatures.

Coelogyne pandurata - Also known as the Black Orchid, this species is usually grown in baskets. Flower grows from warm to intermediate temperatures in partial shade.

Phalaenopsis amabilis - Commonly known as Moon Orchid or the Lovely Phalaenopsis, this flower is one of Indonesia's national flower. This species is found on tree trunks hanging bogs in the rainforest of Northern Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines and New Britain.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 24 Apr 2002
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 2 x 30 sen, 50 sen and 2 x RM1
Stamp Size : 30mm x 40mm
Paper : Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Besides Indonesia, other countries with orchid as their national flower include :

1.   Belize - The Black Orchid, Prosthechea cochleate
2.   Colombia - The Christmas Orchid, Cattleya trianae
3.   Honduras - The Rhyncholaelia Orchid, Orquídea brassavola
4.   Panama - The Holy Ghost Orchid, Peristeria elata
5.   Singapore - The Singapore Orchid, Vanda Miss Joaquim
6.   Venezuela - The Easter Orchid, Cattleya mossiae

Sunday, November 13, 2016

KL Sentral - KLIA Express Rail Link


Pos Malaysia issued in Apr 2002 a set of 3 stamps on Kuala Lumpur Sentral Station and KLIA Express Rail Link (se-tenant design).

The blueprint of KL Sentral began with the masterplan of a City-within-a-City concept designed by renowned architect Dr. Kisho Kurokawa.

Located at the fringes of the city's central business district, it offers a sophisticated rail network system with links to air and land transportation. It is where the KTM Intercity and Komuter services, Express Rail Link (ERL) KLIA Express and KLIA Transit, Putra Light Rail Transit (LRT) as well as KL Monorail systems converge.

This teeming network is surrounded by commercial development that includes high rise buildings, hotels, urban residential areas and a shopping mall.

The Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal (KL CAT), officially recognised as a city destination by International Air Travel Association (IATA) with its XKL code for transfers and baggage, is supported by an integrated express rail transit system - KLIA Express and KLIA Transit.

Travellers who check-in at KL Sentral and with a valid KLIA Express ticket would be issued a flight boarding pass and luggage claim tag upon checking-in 2 hours before flight departure.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 13 Apr 2002
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 30 sen and 2 x 50 sen
Stamp Size : 30mm x 40mm
Paper : Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Click on the following links to find out more on :

o   KL Sentral

Saturday, November 12, 2016

Species of Snakes in Malaysia


Malaysia is bestowed with 180 species of snakes, of which 142 species are found in Peninsular Malaysia. Of the 142 species, only 39 species are poisonous.

Snakes live in places where they can find food, as well as provide the kind of camouflage needed for their concealment.

Ecologically, snakes play a major role in keeping the rodent population in check as most snakes feed on rats, which are not only pests but also a source for spreading various diseases.

Above stamp issue by Pos Malaysia features the following species of snakes (from left to right) :

Reticulated Python, a harmless snake which can be dangerous because of its size which has the power of constricting its victim.

Royal Tree Snake, an uncommon species confined to Malaysia. With its multi-colour pattern, this non-poisonous snake is the most elegant and beautiful in Malaysia.

Malayan Krait, confined to inland than coastal areas, and is usually found near water. Its bites are venomous.

Blue Malaysian Coral Snake, the largest of the coral snake species. Its bites are also venomous.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Date of Issue : 9 Mar 2002
Postmark : Kuala Lumpur
Denomination : 2 x 30 sen, 50 sen and RM1
Stamp Size : 28mm x 38mm
Paper : SPM Watermarked, Phosphor Coated
Printing Process : Lithography

A LIL' NOTE

Most of the snake bites in Malaysia are due to Malayan Pit Viper, a bad-tempered snake, quick to strike if disturbed. It is known in Malaysia as "Ular Kapak Bodoh", literally the Stupid Viper. It earned the reputation of being ‘stupid’ because the snake usually remains at the site of an attack despite several hours later, and hence usually killed.